Izmir (Ephesus), Turkey
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Approximately 6½ Hours
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Drive north for about two hours through beautiful countryside to the ancient city of Pergamum, first settled by the Aeolic Greeks in the 8th century BC. Pergamum came into prominence after the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC—parchment paper was invented here and, because of its great library, many scholars and teachers lived in this cultured city. Upon arrival in Pergamum you will visit the Acropolis, which stands at a lofty elevation of 902 feet. It was once surrounded by three walls and had many public and private buildings including temples and palaces, but very little of the walls remain today. Next you will visit the Library of Pergamum—second in ancient times only to the library in Alexandria, Egypt. You’ll view the Temple of Trajan, built by Hadrian. After visiting the Acropolis, enjoy lunch at a local restaurant where you will have the chance to try some traditional Turkish dishes. Your last stop today will be the ancient healing center of Asclepion. This complex was built to honor the god of medicine, Asclepio.
Wear comfortable walking shoes. The Acropolis at Pergamum is accessible by cable car.